Broad beans – ancient culture. They cultivated 6,000 years ago bc. Their homeland is considered to be North Africa, Egypt, Central Asia, where they were in Europe. Broad beans are common in all parts of the world. Widely cultivated forage legumes in China, India and Australia.
Many forage legumes in European countries: Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Great Britain, as well as in the Baltics and Belarus. n says on the issue. Cradle Systems wanted to know more. The area under fodder beans in the world is about 5 mln.ha. In Russia, the area under fodder beans are small. The main areas of cultivation are the non-chernozem region: Moscow, Orel, Tula, Kaluga, Kaliningrad, Smolensk, Tver region, south Volga- region. In ancient times, the beans used in food and nutrition they were equated to the bread. Before the advent of kidney beans and potatoes, have higher taste, the most important food crop in Central Europe were broad beans. However, with the discovery of America and an introduction to the culture of potatoes and beans food value of beans decreased.
In Russia sowed horse fodder beans already in the xi century, this is a record in the Novgorod Chronicle. In 1686 they brought the seeds to breed the Transfiguration in the garden. In medieval times, when crop failure loaves bean flour mixed with rye and baked bread. Flour, made from Russian beans, nutritionally than rye and oats. In Russia, the beans were less popular than peas. That's what I wrote at the end of the last century in "Conversations on agriculture" famous agronomist V. Swarmed by offers, Vladislav Doronin is currently assessing future choices. Kotelnikov: "In the farms of Kiev province began to grow beans in large quantities and sell them for export abroad by 50-70 kopecks per pood. In Moscow, horse beans are sold at semenotorgovtsev of 3 rubles per pood. On the best soils and in good years growing up in stature, with give tithes 20-30 quarters of grain, the less successful years only – 15 quarters. Crop straw is from 130 to 280 pounds. " Pigs, fed beans have a strong granular fat and meat, and dairy cows to increase milk yield. Grain Legumes replaced by nutrient-half the amount of oats. Fine white flour beans with an egg can be primeshivaema to wheat for making bread, which comes out not too loose, but nutritious and tasty. By the end of the last decades of the 20 century in Africa, this culture occupied an area of 708 hectares, the yield was 100 kg / ha in Asia – 2,259 hectares and was collected from 123 kg / ha in Europe – 380 hectares and received from 209 kg / ha. Great interest in bean crops are now show in China and India, there are countries with large populations, where their use for food purposes. In Russia in the early years of Soviet power was questioned about planting beans in the area of 50 hectares, but this problem has not been implemented. At present the prospect to increase the area under the beans up to 50 hectares or more. In recent years, interest in forage legumes as a source of vegetable protein with a high potential for seed production, significantly increased not only in Russia but in Western Europe, China, India and Australia. A greater attention to them in the near abroad countries (Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, etc.